causes of pelvic prolapse

Causes of pelvic organ prolapse

There are several reasons that could increase the likelihood of pelvic organ prolapse occurring, which can be the cause of both natural and avoidable factors. We have listed several indications which may help you to understand the reasons behind your condition. You may feel as though you are completely alone, however our aim is to promote awareness of severe pelvic prolapse and uterus problems in order for you to receive the best treatment by our reputable surgeon, Mr Jonathan Broome.

Pressures on the pelvic floor

Childbirth is one of the main causes of pelvic organ prolapse, which can affect around 50% of women due to stress on the pelvic area. During the process, the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor can become stretched, which causes them to weaken. Those who undergo vaginal births are more likely to become affected than those who have caesarean births. Other factors which may increase the likelihood include the size and weight of the baby, the use of forceps, and problematic births.

Other pressures on the body to be aware of include carrying excessive weight, manual labour, excessive coughing and straining when constipated.


Unfortunately, pelvic organ prolapse can become even more likely as one gets older, especially around the age of menopause due to the reduction of oestrogen. The natural loss of this hormone can weaken pelvic muscles and ligaments, which causes a collapse.


Pelvic organ prolapse is becoming less common within pelvic surgery due to advancing technologies, however may be a factor to keep in mind if you have undergone surgery previously and are experiencing symptoms. Pelvic surgery such as hysterectomies or bladder repair can weaken muscles and ligaments and again, cause a collapse of the tissue.

Health conditions

If you suffer from health conditions such as Marfan Syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, you are at a higher risk of developing a prolapse. Marfan Syndrome is a genetic disorder with the main symptom of joint hypermobility and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome affects collagen proteins within the body.

If you would like further information or have any questions, please contact The Pelvic Clinic.


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